Aside from ACT scores, all data in this Fact Book come from official government sources, including local school districts, the Kansas Department of Education (KSDE), and the U.S. Department of Education. All data are the most current available and, unless otherwise noted, span through the 2019-20 academic year. Additional information (including annual historical data) for individual school districts is available on our transparency site, KansasOpenGov.org, and on the KSDE site at ksde.org.
We compiled this Fact Book because scientific surveys show that citizens are largely misinformed on many pertinent facts of public education in Kansas. Aid and spending per-pupil are much higher than many Kansans believe, and student achievement is lower than understood.
Many Kansas students are doing quite well, but thousands of students each year are falling behind, and a false sense of high achievement is a tremendous barrier to getting them the help they need. The latest state assessment results show that only 37% of Kansas 10th graders who are designated “not low-income” are on track to be college and career-ready in English Language Arts. This number falls to 16% for 10th graders designated “low-income.” In Mathematics, only 34% of “not low-income” 10th graders are on track to be college and career-ready. This number falls to 11% for “low income” 10th graders. Results from the 2019 National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) show a near across-the-board decline in reading and math skills among Kansas 4th and 8th graders. Note: there was no NAEP testing in 2020 and state assessments were cancelled in 2020 due to COVID-19.
In short, it’s intuitive to believe that more money is needed to close achievement gaps but as shown in several tables, student achievement remains unchanged despite billions more in taxpayer support.
Table 17 illustrates that many states get the same or better results while spending less than others. Florida, for example, spends considerably less per-pupil than Kansas but gets better results across nearly all the grade, subject, and income groupings shown. At the very least, this indicates that it’s not how much is spent that matters; it’s how the money is spent. Kansas taxpayers are investing a lot of money into public education. Indeed, Table 1 shows that taxpayer support of public education in Kansas amounted to a record $7.1 billion, or $14,848 per pupil, in 2020. KSDE estimates that 2021 support will set yet another record at $7.3 billion, or $16,216 per-pupil.
Accurate information is necessary for good decision-making. We hope you find this Fact Book useful as you reach your own informed decisions regarding public education in Kansas.2021 K-12 Fact Book